• Desi Sarli STIKes Alifah Padang
  • Syalfia Oresti STIKes Alifah Padang
  • Faridah Moh. Said Lincoln University College Malaysia
  • Cici Nova Runia STIKes Alifah Padang



Pronation position, Oxygen Saturation, Pulse Frequency, Respiratory Frequency, LBW


Introduction: Data from WHO 2018 shows the prevalence of LBW is estimated at 21% globally with a limit of 4.5%-40%. LBW babies often have complications in the form of Respiratory Distress Syndrome and an increase in pulse rate. One way to prevent complications is to place the baby in a prone position. Based on scientific article searches, this literature review aims to determine the effect of pronation position on oxygen saturation, pulse rate, and respiratory rate in LBW infants.

Method: The type of research was a Literature Review with meta-analysis. Journal searches are carried out on the electronic basis of Google Scholar, Garuda Portal, One Search, and Pubmed, totaling 30 articles. The literature used is literature published from 2016 - 2021.

Results: The study results of 30 articles found that the average oxygen saturation before and after being given a pronation position was in the range of 90.27% - 98.1%. The average pulse frequency before and after being given a pronation position was in the range of 144.87 x/minute -140.90 x/minute. The average breathing frequency before and after being given a pronation position was in the range of 69.50 x/minute – 44.18 x/minute. All articles have the effect of pronation position on oxygen saturation in infants (LBW). There is an effect of pronation position on oxygen saturation, respiratory, and pulse with p-value <0,05.

Conclusion: It was concluded that the pronation position affected the oxygen saturation, pulse rate, and respiratory frequency in LBW infants. It is expected for nursing services to make the provision of a pronation position as one of the nursing interventions and become a standard operating procedure in the management of LBW infants.

Author Biographies

Desi Sarli, STIKes Alifah Padang

Department of Midwifery

Syalfia Oresti, STIKes Alifah Padang

Department of Nursing

Faridah Moh. Said, Lincoln University College Malaysia

Department of Nursing

Cici Nova Runia, STIKes Alifah Padang

Department of Nursing


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